Miwiti tanggal 1st of January 2020, the new law of Minister Dekker will enter into force. The new law implies that citizens and companies who are suffering massive losses, are be able to sue together for compensation of their losses. Mass damage is damage suffered by a large group of victims. Examples of this are physical damages caused by dangerous medicines, financial damage caused by tampering cars or material damage caused by earthquakes as a result of gas production. From now on, such mass damage can be dealt collectively.
Ing Walanda wis pirang-pirang taun bisa netepake kolektif ing pengadilan (tumindak bebarengan). Hakim mung bisa nemtokake tumindak sing ora sah; kanggo kerusakan, kabeh korban isih kudu miwiti prosedur individu. Ing praktik, prosedur kasebut biasane kompleks, nggunakake wektu lan larang. Umume kasus, biaya lan wektu sing melu prosedur individu ora ngatasi kerugian kasebut.
There is also the possibility of having a collective settlement between an interest group and an accused party, declared universally in court for all victims based on the Collective Mass Claims Settlement Act (WCAM). By means of a collective settlement, an interest group can help a group of victims, for example reaching a settlement so that they can be compensated for their loss. However, if the party causing the damage does not cooperate, the victims will still be left empty-handed. The victims must then go to court individually to claim damages based on Article 3:305a of the Dutch Civil Code.
Kanthi rawuh saka Settlement Claims Mass Claims in Collective Action Act (WAMCA) ing wulan Januari pisanan 2020, kemungkinan tumindak kolektif wis ditambahi. Kanthi efek saka ukum anyar, hakim bisa ngucapake keyakinan babagan kerusakan kolektif. Iki tegese kabeh kasus bisa diselehake ing siji prosedur gabungan. Kanthi cara iki, pihak-pihak bakal entuk kejelasan. Tatacara kasebut banjur disederhanakake, ngirit wektu lan dhuwit, uga nyegah pengadilan sing ora ana mburi. Kanthi cara iki, solusi bisa ditemokake kanggo klompok korban akeh.
The victims and the parties are often confused and insufficiently informed. This means that the victims do not know which organisations are reliable and what interest they represent. Based on legal protection of the victims, the conditions for collective action have been tightened up. Not every interest group can just start filing a claim. The internal organisation and finances of such organisation must be in order. Examples of interest groups are Consumers’ Association, association of stockholders and specially established organisations for a collective action.
Pungkasan, bakal ana daftar pusat kanggo tuntutan kolektif. Kanthi cara iki, para korban lan (wakil) kelompok bunga bisa mutusake manawa pengin miwiti kolektif kanggo acara sing padha. Dewan kanggo Badan Kehakiman bakal dadi pendaftar pusat. Daftar bisa diakses dening kabeh wong.
Penyelesaian klaim massal pancen rumit kanggo kabeh pihak sing terlibat, mula luwih becik njaluk dhukungan hukum. Tim saka Law & More nduweni keahlian lan pengalaman jembar babagan nangani lan ngawasi masalah klaim massal.